Geography is the study of relationships between physical and human phenomena that give rise to spatial patterns on the surface of the earth. Whilst other disciplines may study landscape, flora and fauna, the atmosphere, people and culture, the built environment and political territories, geography is the only discipline that concerns itself with the relationships between these resulting in spatial differentiation.
Geography provides students with the means to think about the world in new ways.
Geographical enquiry plays a central role in the teaching of geography as it encourages thinking geographically. Enquiry deepens conceptual understanding through reasoning, data interpretation, argumentation and fieldwork. Enquiry incorporates a range of approaches to teaching and learning including both those strongly led by teachers and those with greater independence for students. An enquiry approach helps students to engage with, and make sense of, geographical data, and encourages a questioning approach supported by evidence from the real world.