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13/12/18

Proceeds will go back to the Art and DT department https://t.co/HB2XMieb0X

13/12/18

The Christmas stalls are open for purchasing your trinkets, before our Carol Concert. https://t.co/pbK36nC8GQ

11/12/18

Reflections this week is about the use of advertising to promote political messages. Students will explore the recent supermarket chains 'banned' advert, the petitions and awareness of the campaign behind the advert and whether this is the correct way to get the message across. https://t.co/FQbzlVElWy

10/12/18

An amazing trip that took place last year. Sign up for next year is now under way. https://t.co/ENUx0HCnLU

10/12/18

Countdown this week continues with the challenge of reaching 401. How close can you get? https://t.co/uLVYfUVhBy

10/12/18

Once again we aim to raise awareness for the homeless. Homelessness can effect anyone & HGABR is trying to do its part by collecting donations of clothing & food, in conjunction with Holy Trinity Church. Please drop off your donations to the school. https://t.co/hofrPadGZS https://t.co/la7WgCLQLI

10/12/18

As part of our continued literacy programme, students will explore a group read and discussion session on the topic of 'grandparents - key to tackling youth anxiety epidemic'. KS4 will continue a further discussion on the pay gap within ethnic minority academics. https://t.co/ZaKPWZteON

10/12/18

This weeks book of the week is in line with the current Christmas theme. https://t.co/kVdsErBdxE

10/12/18

Help support Miss Bellinger's coffee morning, in raising awareness for the charity Whizz Kids - Tuesday 11th December 2018. Recommended donations of between 50p and £1 per cake/slice. The stools will be open at break and lunch time in the main hall. https://t.co/0lvMiqgVUV

10/12/18

School breaks up at 12:40pm on Friday 21 December 2018 https://t.co/c3pEzo1aY7

04/12/18

Numeracy challenges this week continue with our countdown game (the magic number is 258), followed by a couple of other style quizzes, to get your brains working. https://t.co/08s7rPgeaN

03/12/18

This weeks Must Read book is Jacqueline Hyde, by Robert Swindells. What seems fun at first, soon takes over. How can you go back when the bad side wont let you? https://t.co/RWz0EkQ6cw

03/12/18

Reflections this week is all about feminism. Students will explore what they already know and what the definition of feminism actually stands for. https://t.co/TpiMZKbYbA

03/12/18

This weeks puzzle is: Just one positive integer (whole number) has exactly 8 factors including 6 and 15. What is the integer?

03/12/18

As part of our group literacy discussion, students will read up on the attached article, looking at the key points of the article, the issues raised and there own thoughts on these topics. https://t.co/gx973fohY4

03/12/18

Word of the week is propaganda. This word is often found within the subject of History, but students should explore how they can use this word in their work this week. https://t.co/chSbIaSsTO

01/12/18

Parent and carers: Have you recently moved or changed your telephone number? Then please email us your new details on info.org.uk

01/12/18

Retweetd From HarrisSchoolDirect

Interesting opportunities for applicants. https://t.co/VDxJuBJzSu

30/11/18

Banding Day is 14th December 2018. Letters inviting students to their test session will be posted out in due course. https://t.co/Riu5E86Ue3

30/11/18

HGABR is holding a silent auction for some of its amazing prints. Check out the link for photos of the work up for auction and details on how to bid and where the money is going back to. https://t.co/uiYgTbILX3 https://t.co/0s2ruMykFF

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Posted on May 27th 2018

Academic Corner - What is the right thing to do?

This was the challenging and worthy subject of a recent Academic Lecture. You have £30; should you buy something for yourself or spend it on a friend? You’ve forgotten to buy your mum a birthday card; do you admit you don’t care enough about her to remember or lie and say it got lost in the post?

For centuries philosophers have tried to come up with water-tight, fail-safe equations to apply to any situation you might find yourself in and establish what the ‘right’ thing to do is. In order to find answers to these tricky scenarios we considered two of the most famous ethical theories: utilitarianism and rule-based theories.

Utilitarianism argues that an action is right if it produces the highest utility (utility being the overall balance of pleasure and pain produced by an action). Bentham, the famous 18th Century ethicist, stated ‘Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do’.

In contrast to Utilitarians, Kant, another 18th Century philosopher, argued that acts are right or wrong in and of themselves, because of the kinds of acts they are and not simply because of their ends or consequences. Duty is not based on the pain or pleasure of the outcome, but on a set of immovable moral principles; the categorical imperative.

To illustrate what these theories mean in practice, we looked to the ‘Trolley Problem’. This notorious dilemma outlines the following situation:

         
   

There is a runaway trolley barrelling down the railway tracks. Ahead, on the tracks, there are five people tied up and unable to move. The trolley is headed straight for them. You are standing some distance off in the train yard, next to a lever. If you pull this lever, the trolley will switch to a different set of tracks. However, you notice that there is one person on the side track. You have two options: (1) Do nothing, and the trolley kills the five people on the main track. (2) Pull the lever, diverting the trolley onto the side track where it will kill one person. Which is the correct choice?

   
         

Both theories, rule-based and utilitarian, argue the best option is to pull the lever, thereby killing one person rather than 5. For the utilitarian this is because it’s a lesser evil to kill one person than five. For the rule-based ethicist, by pulling the lever you are acting in accordance with the principle that it is wrong to kill to avoid the deaths of five people. That this will result in the death of one person does not jeopardise your moral purity.

The dilemma becomes more interesting with the introduction of the ‘fat man’. In this problem, instead of a switch to divert the trolley there is a fat man on a bridge who, if you push off it, will stop the trolley, thereby saving the five people in its path but losing his own life in the process.

Interestingly men were more likely to be happy to sacrifice the fat man than women. People were also more likely to be happy to push the fat person off the bridge if they were male. So does this mean men always take a utilitarian, greatest-happiness approach when faced with moral dilemmas?

Finally, we considered Winston Churchill’s tactics during the Second World War. He, controversially, intentionally mislead German bomber planes during the Blitz so that they thought they were dropping their V-1 bombs on central London and Parliament, they were actually dropping them on areas of south London, considered to be less important, such as Bromley. He took a utilitarian approach – was it the right thing to do?

By Miss Heaton-Armstrong